This was featured by a Texas co-host of a Driving Pairs and Multiples website ( with Noel Jones: firstname.lastname@example.org )
( Helen Garza Roeder: email@example.com )
Any of our followers with experience about this disease in Horses, please weigh in…
And a “for your information” for our friends in the equine community.
Thanks to Helen Roeder for bringing it to peoples’ attention; and to Kanoe Durdan for information re the disease and treatments in the northwest.
For those people who drive, but not multiples, it is still a worthwhile website and Daily Digest of postings…
Sometimes it is fairly quiet; other times it bursts with information and comments.
From Helen Garza Roeder: Driving Pairs Digest/Website:
Dear driving friends,
This is not driving related except that one of my driving mares got this crud!
Pigeon Fever was bad around my area last fall and winter. This morning a friend told me RFTV had a program on the outbreaks in Arkansas and Louisiana, so it’s moving east and perhaps north too because there was news about this disease in Oklahoma, which is only about a ten minute drive from me here in North Texas.
If you haven’t heard about this insidious bacterial disease, you might want to learn about it and how to tell if your animals have it. Like the article says, when I first saw my mare come in the barn with two huge “lumps” on her chest, I was certain she’d been kicked. As it turned out, she had Pigeon Fever.
I opted NOT to surgically lance her abscesses and treat her with “bute” and smear ichtamol on her after cleaning the infected area, as my vet instructed. Worked fine but took forever to run its course. Have a friend who opted to lance and put her infected animal on antibiotics. Not sure if anyone knows for sure which is the best method of treatment.
There is a link in the article to more detailed information. Also information about kits for events.
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Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC)
“Pigeon Fever” in Horses Update
Contrary to what the name might imply, pigeons have nothing to do with transmission of the equine disease known as “pigeon fever”, which is also called Dryland Distemper. “Pigeon Fever” causes abscesses and swelling in the horse’s pectoral region (breast muscles) causing a “pigeon-like” appearance, and is caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Pigeon fever is most common in dry areas of the Western United States, but cases diagnosed in other parts of the country may be on the increase.
Cases of pigeon fever tend to be seen more in summer and fall but can happen anytime of the year. While the Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) regulates a number of equine and livestock diseases, the TAHC has no specific authority to regulate pigeon fever and therefore does not require vets to report cases. However, the TAHC has noted an upswing in calls and questions about this disease. The Texas Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory obtained over 350 positive cultures for C. pseudotuberculosis in 2011 compared with less than 100 cases each year from 2005-2010. The Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at Texas A&M diagnosed more than 4 times as many cases in 2011 compared with 2010. A number of factors could be at play, including the recent severe drought, as well as fly activity.
Horses affected by pigeon fever can show a variety of signs including fever, weight loss, swelling of the breast muscles or ventral abdomen (belly), and other areas of the body. Abscesses caused by the disease are usually external, and so the swelling is visible. Less commonly, the abscesses form inside the horse’s body where they are more difficult to detect. Treatment of horses with internal abscesses can be difficult, with major complications possible. Prompt veterinary care greatly increases treatment success and reduces complications in any case of pigeon fever.
It is important to realize the bacteria can live for extended periods of time in dry soil. Research shows that flies carry the disease and are crucial to transmission, so good fly control is a must. Basic sanitation is also critical – affected horses should be isolated, and abscess drainage (pus) should be disposed of properly. The draining material contains large amounts of the bacteria and contaminates the area around the horse, potentially spreading the disease. It is also important to promptly treat any wounds that could become contaminated by flies or dirt.
Because of this infectious disease and many others that can affect your horse, the TAHC encourages you to call your veterinarian at the first sign of any illness or injury.
Additionally, if you organize an equine event, pigeon fever is one of many infectious diseases for which planning is encouraged. The California Department of Agriculture recently released a helpful Biosecurity Toolkit for Equine Events. They include tips to prevent the spread of abscess diseases like pigeon fever and strangles, as well as a wide variety of other infectious diseases. The toolkit is available online athttp://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/animal_health/pdfs/Biosecurity_Toolkit_Part_2.pdf
The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) also has information about pigeon fever available at http://www.aaep.org/health_articles_view.php?id=358
The TAHC thanks Dr. Piper Norton of the Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences for her assistance with this update.
Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC)
2105 Kramer Lane
Austin, Texas 78758
Kanoe Durdan Godby firstname.lastname@example.org weighed in on the Digest with a comment re the Pacific Northwest:
Horses here in Central Oregon get it every summer/fall. One thing our vets
emphasize is fly control to keep it at bay. Lancing is the pretty common
treatment here. But you MUST stand them on a tarp or in a wash stall that
you can bleach/sanitize after daily treatments. It is a gross, nasty,
disgusting condition! Thank goodness none of our horses have ever gotten it.
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